History of Football
This time, I would like to look back on the birth and history of "football (soccer)," which can be said to be the more major sport in the world.
It is very important to know the history of the main sports in learning sports business and sports management.
· Birth of football ~ Sports created by the elite ~
Football is said to have started as part of a class at a " public school " in London, England, where upper class children learn .
Public school is the name of an elite school that makes up the top 10% of UK private schools that educate children aged 13-18.
Therefore, football is a sport that has spread from the elite.
The first school that had football as a required subject was the school called "Harrow school".
Harrow School is still famous as a prestigious public school in the United Kingdom and is also the school that produced the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
In the mid-19th century, strenuous exercise became popular among the elite, with football and cricket all the rage.
The public school football game was played in a state of "anything ant", and it was a dangerous sport where it was OK to hit or beat the opponent .
In 1846, the first rules were created at Rugby school. By the way, Rugby School is said to have been playing the prototype of "rugby", which runs with the ball in hand.
The football teams at that time seemed to be organized in a wide range of society, and it seems that more than 70 teams were confirmed in England between 1830 and 1960.
Matches often attracted spectators and were subject to betting, and organizations of various levels played their matches according to their own rules.
Founded in 1857, the Sheffield Football Club in South Yorkshire printed the rules in 1862, and it seems that the area was playing the same 11-player game the following year, the same as it is today.
In 1863, a man named John Cartwright suggested to the sports newspaper that "representatives of different schools and colleges should make common rules for football," where representatives of six schools met in Cambridge. It was.
At that time, the "dribble format" was given preferential treatment over the "rugby format", and kicking the opponent's shin (hacking), putting his foot on (tripping), and running with the ball were prohibited.
Then, on October 26, 1863, at Freemason's Turban on Great Queen Street, a meeting was held at 11 clubs and schools in London, and the Football Association was born . ..
Pitch size, goal size, scoring conditions and offside were discussed, and at the meeting held on December 1, it was decided to adopt the rules discussed in Cambridge.
However, touching the ball with the hand was not prohibited.
Rugby-style proponents founded the " Rugby Football Association " in 1871, and clubs that did not participate in the FA followed the rugby-style.
FAs in the 1860s and 70s had no organizational power, and it seems that FA rules were not recognized by many clubs.
The reason is that the FA, under the secretary general of Charles Allcock, removed the contradictions in the rules and sent a notice to the major clubs about the revised rules to unify the rules, and workers who can not take a break from work. For me, football was easier than rugby, and football became popular with the start of the FA Cup by Allcock.
· Development of football "Money" is involved in sports and becomes professional
At that time, the FA was trying to eliminate the players who were receiving money and playing.
In the 1884 FA Cup match, an amateur team of London players accused the other team of including professional players, which led to a meeting of clubs in the Lancashire region in London. We talked about withdrawal from FA, which was active mainly in London.
However, FA Secretary-General Rutherford Alcock understood that in order for FA to continue to take control of football, it was necessary to accept professional players, and in 1885 it was decided that professional players would be placed under FA control. It was.
Then, in the 1888-89 season, the professional club held a football league, which led to the advancement of professionalization in various places, and the football league was born one after another by professionals and amateurs .
The first ever international match between England and Scotland took place on November 30, 1872, when the Scottish Football Association was founded, followed by Wales in 1876 and Ireland in 1882.
The four associations have then established the International Football Association Board (IFAB) to respond to changes in the Laws of the Game.
The first overseas expedition was when the FA sent a mixed pro-Am team to Germany in November 1899, when the British team won an overwhelming victory.
The FA made no special efforts to popularize football, but young British people spread football to Europe, Africa and South America while they were at work .
By the time FIFA (FIFA) was established, British football was more than just entertainment.
The appeal of football reflects the loyalty and identity of the community, and the players of the local powerhouse clubs have become heroes.
The club was run for fun, fame , not for profit , most football organizations were in the middle class, and workers' shareholders seemed to be just an extension of their fans.
King George V first watched the game in 1914, and in the 1920s, 90,000 fans visited Wembley Stadium, making it one of the few English sports events reported by the media across the country
· Summary "Rules" are important for both sports and business:
This time, we introduced the history of football from the time of its birth to the development period, from the latter half of the 1800s to the first half of the 1900s.
Originally, sports that were played by only a small part of the elite class became widespread among the citizens at once by being properly "ruled" and developed on a global scale.